TECHNION is a science and technology research University which mission is to train tomorrow’s top engineers, to develop pioneering technologies, and to be international leaders in implementing those technological innovations worldwide. Transportation and road engineering and transportation sciences deal with the range of knowledge needed to plan, set up, maintain and manage efficient and safe transportation systems. This is an interdisciplinary science that combines engineering elements such as design and operation of roads, junctions and interchanges, study of traffic flow characteristics, urban planning and geography, economics and statistics, advanced technologies and psychology. Graduates easily fit into a range of positions in public agencies and in private companies involved in planning and implementing transportation projects with broad engineering visions and challenges. The Transportation Research Institute (TRI) was founded in 1977. It serves as a centre and framework of cooperation for faculty members from various Technion units whose research covers a wide spectrum of transportation subjects. TRI incorporates about 30 faculty members from the Departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management, Architecture and Town Planning, Medicine, and Materials Engineering as well as staff researchers, including engineers, psychologists and statisticians. The Institute has several laboratories with access to a wide range of equipment for research in such fields as driver behaviour, vision, noise, vehicle energy consumption, air pollution and traffic characteristics. In addition, the Institute has extensive photographic and video equipment, a comprehensive transportation library as well as a three-person administrative staff. The research conducted at TRI covers crucial transportation problems: transportation systems analysis, traffic congestion, road safety, energy and environmental issues, transportation planning, and road maintenance. The work program in recent years has included enhancement of cooperation in interdisciplinary research subjects, such as the initiation of extensive research programs on issues of environment and air quality, traffic control and road safety and prevention of accidents. The Institute also promotes relations with commercial and industrial organizations in Israel, and initiates projects with a commercial and industrial potential, thus combining basic and applied research. The Institute disseminates information on transportation, road safety and other topics covered by the research activities, through technical meetings and seminars and through distribution of research reports and abstracts to hundreds of subscribers. TRI members are continuously active in projects funded by the EC. Within the 5th Framework Program TRI researchers participated in several significant projects including ARTEMIS, CYBERCARS, CYBERMOVE, CYBERCITY, GADGET, ROSEBUD and SAFETYNET.